The source of the most famous river in the world Click here for tour information Lake Tana, the largest lake in Ethiopia, situated north of the beautiful town of Bahir Dar is the source from where the famous Blue Nile starts its long journey to Khartoum, and on to the Mediterranean. 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Cheesman, who records his surprise on arriving in Ethiopia at finding that the upper waters of "one of the most famous of the rivers of the world, and one whose name was well known to the ancients" was in his lifetime "marked on the map by dotted lines", managed to map the upper course of the Blue Nile between 1925 and 1933. Welcome to the Source of the Nile. The river flows generally south before entering a canyon about 400 km (250 mi) long, about 30 km (19 mi) from Lake Tana, which is a tremendous obstacle for travel and communication between north and south Ethiopia. From its source waters in Mount Kenya, the Ewaso Ng’iro River stretches for 435 miles and eventually joins the Jubba River in Somalia. The flow of the Blue Nile reaches maximum volume in the rainy season from June to September, when it supplies 80–86% of the water of the Nile proper. Though their expedition included a number of others, Brown and Scaturro were the only ones to remain on the expedition for the entire journey. Tana River Governor Dhadho Godhana has declared interest in chairing the Council of Governors in an election scheduled for January 29. [8], About 230 species of birds, including more than 80 wetland birds such as the great white pelican, African darter, hamerkop, storks, African spoonbill, ibis, ducks, kingfishers and African fish eagle, are known from Lake Tana. As the river begins to slow down—as in a wetland, at the outside of a bend, or where the river widens, such as at the mouth—these sediments sink and build up to form deltas. [12] In the early 2000s, the local government for the first time introduced a fisheries legislation and it is hoped this will have a positive effect on the fish populations. This historic bridge was built by Emperor Fasilides in approximately 1660 with Roman bridge technology brought to Ethiopia by Portuguese soldiers during the battle with the Muslim invaders in 1507. When the water levels are high, the plains around the lake often are flooded and other permanent swamps in the region become connected to the lake. One of the basin’s impor-tant ecosystems is the Tana Delta at the coast: almost 50% of the country’s freshwater discharge into the Indian Ocean is made up of the flow from the Tana River. [citation needed] The Blue Nile Falls (Amharic: Tis Abay, literally "great smoke"), one of Ethiopia's biggest tourist attractions, is located at the start of the canyon. The Authority was established by an Act of Parliament CAP 443. "[5] A 20th-century geographer named 37 islands, of which he believed 19 have or had monasteries or churches on them.[5]. Those on its left bank, in downstream order, include the Wanqa River, the Bashilo River, the Walaqa River, the Wanchet River, the Jamma River, the Muger River, the Guder River, the Agwel River, the Nedi River, the Didessa River and the Dabus River. The Tana is Kenya’s longest river and home to Pokomo farmers and Oromo and Wardei pastoral communities. The Blue Nile begins near Lake Tana in Ethiopia. Lake Tana (Amharic: ጣና ሐይቅ) is the largest lake in Ethiopia and the source of the Blue Nile. At Khartoum, the Blue Nile joins the White Nile and, as the Nile, flows through Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea at Alexandria. The Kagera River and its tributary the Ruvubu, having its headwaters in Burundi, is now accepted as the true source of the River Nile. It may be a lake, a marsh, a spring or a glacier.This is where the stream starts. The current distance is below the Long-term average of 7.1 km. Ethiopia's largest lake, it is the source of the Blue Nile. Tana River County with 62.2 per cent of the population living in absolute poverty, and with the population growth rate of 2.8 per cent, the projected increase in population has a major and direct impact on the basic needs such as food, water, health and education for all ages. Today, the river continues to serve as a source of irrigation, as well as an important transportation and trade route. Rivers are usually fed by many tributaries.The farthest stream is called the head-stream or head water. For thousands of years, the river has provided a source of irrigation to transform the dry area around it into lush agricultural land. [7], Because of the large seasonal variations in the inflow of its tributaries, rain and evaporation, the water levels of Lake Tana typically vary by 2–2.5 m (6.6–8.2 ft) in a year, peaking in September–October just after the main wet season. Blue Nile River. [2] Lake Tana is fed by the Gilgel Abay, Reb and Gumara rivers. Distribution numbers are collected and systematized by Eero Niemelä, FGFRI, based on various scattered historical sources (unpublished) and interviews with local people. According to materials published by the Central Statistical Agency, the Blue Nile has a total length of 1,450 kilometres (900 mi), of which 800 kilometres (500 mi) are inside Ethiopia.[1]. Tana (tä`nä), river, c.500 mi (800 km) long, rising near Mt. This controls the flow to the Blue Nile Falls (Tis Abbai) and hydro-power station. The river is also an important resource for Sudan, where the Roseires Dam and Sennar Dams produce 80% of the country's power. Fig.9. [4], The lake was originally much larger than it is today. na A lake of northwest Ethiopia. These dams also help irrigate the Gezira Scheme, which is most famous for its high-quality cotton, as well as wheat and animal feed crop production in the area. Eight million people live along the river, where tea, coffee, maize and other cash crops are grown for export, and cattle grazing and fishing provide major sources of food for large parts of the country’s population. [11] Nevertheless, in a review that compared catches in 2001 to those ten years earlier, it was found that typical sizes of both the tilapia and the catfish had significantly decreased, and populations of the Labeobarbus barbs that breed in the tributaries had significantly declined. de Graaf, Dejen, Sibbing and Osse (2000). The Hudson River in New York, U.S., is an example of an estuary where brackish water extends more than 241 kilometers (150 miles) upstream. 25 sampling stations (12 sites from littoral station both in the southern and northern part of … TARDA. The river export of DIN to Lake Tana was about 9 kton in 2017 and showed spatial and temporal variability: It was highest in the rainy and lowest in the dry seasons. Along with the White Nile, it is one of the two major tributaries of the Nile, and supplies about 80% of the water in the Nile during the rainy season. The canyon was first referred to as the "Grand Canyon" in 1968 by a British team that accomplished the first descent of the river from Lake Tana to the end of the canyon; subsequent river rafting parties called it the "Grand Canyon of the Nile". It consists of 15 relatively large, up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) long, Labeobarbus barbs that formerly were included in Barbus instead. Remains of ancient Ethiopian emperors and treasures of the Ethiopian Church are kept in the isolated island monasteries (including Kebran Gabriel, Ura Kidane Mehret, Narga Selassie, Daga Estifanos, Medhane Alem of Rema, Kota Maryam, and Mertola Maryam). White Nile River. 05/11/2004 8648 views 15 likes. The Tana River Basin covers 22% of the country’s total land mass and is home to 18% of the country’s population. Despite the importance of the River Nile from antiquity to present-day practices and beliefs in Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, very little research has been conducted on the cultural and religious aspects of the Blue Nile in general and its source, Gish Abay, and Lake Tana in Ethiopia in particular. Agriculture and livestock production are the main sources of livelihood in Tana River. This gorge is a tremendous obstacle for travel and communication from the north half of Ethiopia to the southern half. Figure 8:Tana River water sources . Approximate sunrise/sunset times at the Augustine - … The historical distribution of salmon in the Tana river system. Lake Tana, largest lake of Ethiopia, in a depression of the northwest plateau, 6,000 feet (1,800 metres) above sea level.It forms the main reservoir for the Blue Nile (Abbay) River, which drains its southern extremity near Bahir Dar. However, Atbara only flows during the rainy seasons in Ethiopia and dries rapidly. Jenssen; Jenssen would proceed upriver from Khartoum while Macmillan sailed downstream from Lake Tana. Violence elsewhere. Drumming support for his candidature, Godhana notified the council of his intention to contest for the […] They include the fourteenth-century Debre Maryam, and the eighteenth-century Narga Selassie, Tana Qirqos (said to have housed the Ark of the Covenant before it was moved to Axum), and Ura Kidane Mehret, known for its regalia. For district in Oromia Region, Ethiopia, see. There are hydroelectric plants and irrigation projects in the Tana basin.Tana (tä`nä) or Tsana (tsä`nä), largest lake of Ethiopia, c.1,400 sq mi (3,630 sq km), S of Gondar. The source of a river or stream is the original point from which the river flows. •Five HEP dams in the Upper Tana Basin - Kindaruma, Kiambere, Kamburu, Gitaru and Masinga. It has fallen about 6 feet (1.8 m) in the last 400 years. [7], There are 27 fish species in Lake Tana and 20 of these are endemic. ... Lake Victoria and a source point in either Rwanda or Burundi, and the Blue Nile heading southeast into Ethiopia to the source point at Lake Tana near Bahir Dar. The Nile River was extremely important to settlement patterns in Egypt. Govt. Tana River County is a county in the former Coast Province, Kenya.It is named after the Tana River.It has an area of 38,437 square kilometres (14,841 sq mi) and a population of 315,943. The River Nile is the longest river in the world. Those on the right side, also in downstream order, include the Handassa, Tul, Abbaya, Sade, Tammi, Cha, Shita, Suha, Muga, Gulla, Temcha, Bachat, Katlan, Jiba, Chamoga, Weter and the Beles.[2]. Location: The Tana Forum takes place in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia – a relaxing town located on the shores of Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile River. Refugees stand on the bank of a river that separates Sudan from Ethiopia, near the Hamdayet transit camp. Kenya and the Aberdares. With the completion of the Aswan Dam in 1970, these floods stopped occurring in lower Egypt. According to the Ethiopian Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, 1,454 tons of fish were landed in 2011 at Bahir Dar, which the department estimated was 15% of its sustainable amount. [7][8], Lake Tana supports a large fishing industry, mainly based on the Labeobarbus barbs, Nile tilapia and sharptooth catfish. In 1999, writer Virginia Morell[10] and photographer Nevada Wier made the journey by raft from Lake Tana to the Sudan, publishing a documentary about their journey afterwards. The source of the Nile proper was also reached in 1629 by the Portuguese Jesuit missionary Jerónimo Lobo and in 1770 by the Scottish explorer James Bruce. The river flows into and out of the lake, runs through a Tana River County. The Nile River empties into the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt. Macmillan encouraged Jenssen to try to sail upstream from Khartoum again in 1905, but he was forced to stop 500 km (300 mi) short of Lake Tana. The Tana River Basin geodatabase has been designed based on a thematic structure that integrates geographic information from different sources. Sudan and Egypt, however, voiced their concerns over a potential reduction in water available.[5]. Emperors whose tombs are also on Daga include Dawit I, Zara Yaqob, Za Dengel, and Fasilides. The river was a major source of the flooding of the Nile in Egypt that contributed to the fertility of the Nile Valley and the consequent rise of Ancient Egypt and Egyptian mythology. These lists are based on the compilation in G.W.B. •The Masinga Dam is the most significant in terms of regulating the hydrology of the Tana river due to its size. [3], Lake Tana was formed by volcanic activity, blocking the course of inflowing rivers in the early Pleistocene epoch, about 5 million years ago. In 2015, the Lake Tana region was nominated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve recognizing its national and international natural and cultural importance. Between Lake Tana and the Sudanese border, it is fed by numerous tributaries. ESA / Applications / Observing the Earth. Atbara River is one of the major tributaries of the Nile. [15], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}12°00′N 037°15′E / 12.000°N 37.250°E / 12.000; 37.250, Major river in flowing across western Ethiopia, "Abbay" redirects here. It is from here where the River Nile is measured as the world’s longest river. They recount that they paddled through civil war conflict zones, regions known for bandits, and encountered multiple hazards and rapids. The water has a pH that is neutral to somewhat alkaline and its transparency is quite low. The powerplant has the capacity to generate 460 MW and hence plays a crucial role in the ambitious energy development plans of the government [2]. His efforts to loosen the government’s grip on politics also emboldened regional power brokers and inflamed smouldering rivalries over resources, ethnicity and … two, Roseires and Sennar reservoirs, are in the Blue Nile River. Kenya, central Kenya, E Africa, and flowing E then S across Kenya to the Indian Ocean. The monasteries are believed to have been built over earlier religious sites. There are hydroelectric plants and irrigation projects in the Tana basin.Tana (tä`nä) or Tsana (tsä`nä), largest lake of Ethiopia, c.1,400 sq mi (3,630 sq km), S of Gondar. However, Jenssen's boats were blocked by the rapids at Famaka short of the Sudan-Ethiopia border, and Macmillan's boats were wrecked shortly after they had been launched. A tributary is a river or stream that flows into a larger river or lake. The river originates from Lake Tana in Ethiopia and is about 500 miles long. Previous Next. Eco tourism. Access: Both participants and interested viewers who want to follow the Forum’s discussion are only a click away – … [7][9][10] The remaining Labeobarbus in Lake Tana have other specialized feeding habits: L. beso (non-endemic and not closely related to the others) feeds on algae, L. surkis mostly on macrophytes, L. gorgorensis on macrophytes and molluscs, L. brevicephalus on zooplankton (however, juveniles of all members of the species flock feed on zooplankton), L. osseensis on macrophytes and adults insects, and L. crassibarbis, L. intermedius (non-endemic but closely related to the others), L. nedgia and L. tsanensis on benthic invertebrates like chironomid larvae. Kenya, central Kenya, E Africa, and flowing E then S across Kenya to the Indian Ocean. anthropogenic sources of pollution from the Lake Tana Sub-basin that contributes for the Lake water pollution. Bahir Dar has become a large city and it is rapidly growing; its wastewater is generally released directly into the lake. Sand harvesting is also common along ephemeral stream in the middle Basins. It travels for approximately 1,450 km (900 mi) through Ethiopia and Sudan. The Tana River basin supplies Nairobi with 80 per cent of its drinking water. The source is the farthest point of the river stream from its estuary or its confluence with another river or stream. "[6] The body of Yekuno Amlak is interred in the monastery of St. Stephen on Daga Island. 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